- Ancient Catholic Church « Ancient Catholic Church
- HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIANITY
- THE LIFE AND TEACHINGS OF JESUS CHRIST
Ancient Catholic Church « Ancient Catholic Church
Then in his life took a dramatic turn. As the year-old Luther fought his way through a severe thunderstorm on the road to Erfurt, a bolt of lightning struck the ground near him. The scrupulous Luther fulfilled his vow: he gave away all his possessions and entered the monastic life. Luther was extraordinarily successful as a monk.
He plunged into prayer, fasting, and ascetic practices—going without sleep, enduring bone-chilling cold without a blanket, and flagellating himself. As he later commented, "If anyone could have earned heaven by the life of a monk, it was I. Though he sought by these means to love God fully, he found no consolation. He was increasingly terrified of the wrath of God: "When it is touched by this passing inundation of the eternal, the soul feels and drinks nothing but eternal punishment.
During his early years, whenever Luther read what would become the famous "Reformation text"—Romans —his eyes were drawn not to the word faith, but to the word righteous. Who, after all, could "live by faith" but those who were already righteous? The text was clear on the matter: "the righteous shall live by faith. Luther remarked, "I hated that word, 'the righteousness of God,' by which I had been taught according to the custom and use of all teachers Meanwhile, he was ordered to take his doctorate in the Bible and become a professor at Wittenberg University.
During lectures on the Psalms in and and a study of the Book of Romans, he began to see a way through his dilemma. On the heels of this new understanding came others. To Luther the church was no longer the institution defined by apostolic succession; instead it was the community of those who had been given faith. Salvation came not by the sacraments as such but by faith. The idea that human beings had a spark of goodness enough to seek out God was not a foundation of theology but was taught only by "fools.
Faith no longer consisted of assenting to the church's teachings but of trusting the promises of God and the merits of Christ. It wasn't long before the revolution in Luther's heart and mind played itself out in all of Europe. It started on All Saints' Eve, , when Luther publicly objected to the way preacher Johann Tetzel was selling indulgences.
These were documents prepared by the church and bought by individuals either for themselves or on behalf of the dead that would release them from punishment due to their sins. As Tetzel preached, "Once the coin into the coffer clings, a soul from purgatory heavenward springs! Luther questioned the church's trafficking in indulgences and called for a public debate of 95 theses he had written. Instead, his 95 Theses spread across Germany as a call to reform, and the issue quickly became not indulgences but the authority of the church: Did the pope have the right to issue indulgences?
Events quickly accelerated. At a public debate in Leipzig in , when Luther declared that "a simple layman armed with the Scriptures" was superior to both pope and councils without them, he was threatened with excommunication. This most sacred tradition survived through the Biblical Ancient Priesthood of Solomon, which was recovered and restored by the chivalric Order of the Temple of Solomon in the 12th century, and again by legitimate successors to the Knights Templar in the 21st century. The Ancient Catholic Church, continuing the Priesthood of the Biblical Solomon, is the autonomous ecclesiastical institution preserved and supported by the Templar Order, providing a canonical 1st — 12th century classical Church experience.
The Templar Order has its own Chivalric Constitution and Grand Mastery, and is interfaith and non-denominational, while separately supporting Ancient Catholicism.
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Templars are not required to participate in the Church. I n the classical ecclesiastical traditions, the world religious culture of Catholicism is much larger and more diverse than the Vatican Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church. The Templar denomination of Ancient Catholicism is historically and canonically the only Pontifical Catholicate which unifies and represents the 12th century Independent Church Movement, the derivative 19th century Old Catholic Movement and Reformed Catholic Movement, and the resulting early 20th century Liberal Catholic Movement:.
It was established in Utrecht as a sovereign possession of the Teutonic Knights [ 2 ] as a branch of the Knights Templar [ 3 ], as part of the Templar missions of Saint Bernard de Clairvaux [ 4 ] [ 5 ] who had sponsored the founding Templar mission to recover the Ancient Priesthood of Solomon [ 6 ]. The Reformed movement embodies traditional Catholic practices, characterized by some Protestant and Evangelical doctrines of direct communion through the Holy Spirit [ 10 ].
As a revival of the ancient Egyptian sacred wisdom underlying Christianity, it was primarily inspired by the Ancient Catholicism of Templar heritage.
While isolated Churches of the Old Catholic, Reformed Catholic and Liberal Catholic movements have a tendency to be schismatic, the Ancient Catholic Church serves as the unifying denomination, by providing the 12th century foundations of the original underlying Independent Church Movement. The Pontificate thus provides the stability for all schisms to be reconciled, and all apparent differences to be resolved, through the most ancient and timeless doctrines of 1st century Ancient Catholicism, as restored and preserved by the Templar Order.
T he Ancient Catholic Church provides a culture of inclusiveness and unification, with a policy of respect for diversity, in the spirit of religious and intellectual freedom. All member Churches and Faithful thus enjoy the open-handed guidance and spiritual leadership of the Catholicate, receiving an infusion of ancient and classical sacred knowledge as the foundations for an unshakeable Faith, with full respect for their individual preferences.
Because the Ancient Priesthood of Solomon includes the direct origins of many practices which are particular to Roman Catholicism, this early Christian denomination is properly called Ancient Catholicism. Because the Ancient Priesthood of Solomon continued through the Essenes to be practiced and taught by Jesus to the Apostles, it organically consists of the underlying foundations of all Christian denominations. His son Pepin and the Papacy formed an historic alliance.
Pepin needed the blessing of the Pope in his seizure of leadership of Gaul from the Merovingians. Pepin died in and divided his realm between his two sons, Carloman and Charles. Charles, known as Charlemagne , took over all of Gaul upon the death of his brother in , and soon conquered most of mainland Europe. He was a vigorous leader and ruled until Charlemagne was a strong supporter of Christianity. During his reign, Christianity became the guiding principle of the Carolingian Empire, as the Church established a powerful presence throughout Europe.
He instituted a school of learning in his palace at Aachen. In the Middle Ages there was in theory a division between temporal power and spiritual authority, but in practice one saw a strong Emperor take control of some spiritual affairs and a strong Pope take control of some affairs of state. Charlemagne, as Constantine, considered himself the leader of Christendom as political head of state and protector of the Church. The historian Christopher Dawson called this the beginning of medieval Christendom.
The Byzantine Empire of the East, with its capital in Constantinople, flourished for a thousand years. The Empire reached its zenith under Emperor Justinian, the author of the Justinian Code of Law, who ruled from to Justinian built the beautiful Church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople in , which became a center of religious thought.
HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIANITY
The Byzantine or Greek liturgy is based on the tradition of St. Basil and the subsequent reform of St. John Chrysostom. The Byzantine missionaries Saints Cyril and Methodius brought Christianity to Moravia, and Cyril created the Cyrillic alphabet for their liturgy, which became the basis of the Slavic languages, including Russian. Kiev was once the capital of the country of Kievan Rus, which comprised the modern nations of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. In the sixteenth century, a Russian mystic Philotheus of Pskof noted that Rome and Constantinople, the second Rome, had fallen, but "Moscow, the third Rome," stands.
The Russian Orthodox Church today is the largest Eastern Orthodox faith with over million members. One of the most tragic events in Church history has been the Schism of between what is now the Catholic Church in Rome and the Byzantine or Eastern Orthodox Church in Constantinople.
The actual event occurred on July 16, The abrasive Cardinal Humbert laid a papal bull of excommunication after Pope Leo had died on the altar right during the Liturgy at the Church of Hagia Sophia, which led the Eastern Church to excommunicate the envoy. While the event did not end the relationship between the Eastern and Western Churches, it became symbolic for the distrust and strain between the East and the West that developed through the centuries.
The break was sealed in with the sacking of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade. Rome and Constantinople had been able to agree through three more Councils.
THE LIFE AND TEACHINGS OF JESUS CHRIST
The fifth ecumenical council at Constantinople II in was called by the Emperor Justinian and reaffirmed that there is only one person or hypostasis in our Lord Jesus Christ. In response to the Monothelites, that Christ had only one will, the sixth ecumenical council affirmed the efforts of St. Maximus the Confessor at Constantinople III in and confessed that Christ had two wills and two natural operations John , divine and human in harmony.
The seventh ecumenical council at Nicaea II in resolved the iconoclast controversy thanks to the writings of St. John of Damascus: since Jesus had a true humanity and his body was finite, it was only proper to venerate holy images of the human face of Jesus, as well as Mary and the saints. However, the language of Rome was Latin, and that of Constantinople Greek. There was a difference in perception of Church authority between the East and West. Latin Rome believed the Pontiff, as the representative of Peter, was Pastor and Shepherd to the whole Church, whereas the Greek East saw the Pope, the Bishop of Rome and representative of Peter, as presiding with love in the sense of collegiality, as a first among equals.
This difference in perception of Church authority produced the conflict over the addition of the word filioque - and the Son - to the Nicene Creed by the Roman Catholic Church. Theological thought on the Trinity had progressed with time, particularly with St. Augustine, who saw the Holy Spirit as an expression of love between the Father and the Son.
King Recared and his Visigothic bishops converted from Arianism to Catholicism at the Third Council of Toledo, Spain in and were required to add the word filioque to the Creed. Charlemagne in insisted on its addition, so that the phrase read "the Holy Spirit who proceeds from the Father and the Son". The Eastern Orthodox Churches claim that the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed is the common possession of the whole church and that any change must be made by an ecumenical Council. Catholic Spain was the first European territory to suffer Islamic invasion in when the Berber general Ibn Tariq conquered nearly all of Spain except the northern rim.
The discovery of the relics of St. As recorded in the late ninth-century Chronicle of Alfonso III, Pelayo became the inspiration for the rightful recovery of Spanish territory lost to Muslim invasion.
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Spain was troubled in when the Moor Almanzor usurped the power of the Caliphate and sacked the city and Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in the northwest tip of Spain, but spared the tomb of St. James Santiago in Spanish.